This is the second part (questions 11-20) of the solutions of the Grade 8 MTAP 2015 Elimination Questions. You can read the solutions for questions 1-10 **here**. If you found any errors in the solution, please comment in the box below.

11.) If and , what is ?

**Solution**

**Answer: -12**

12.) Simplify .

**Solution**

**Answer:**

13.) If and are positive constants, simplify .

**Solution**

Note that , and

Now

This is already correct, but if you want your answer in radical form, the previous expression can be converted to

**Answer:** or

14.) What is the quotient when is divided by ?

**Solution**

**Answer**: remainder .

15.) In Item 14, what is the remainder?

**Answer**:

16.) If , what is ?

**Solution**

**Answer**:

17.) If and , what is ?

**Solution**

and

Substituting the given values above,

.

**Answer**: 238

18.) If the length, width, and height of an open-top rectangular box are cm, cm, and cm, what is its surface area?

**Solution**

The formula for finding the surface area of a rectangular prism with length , width and height is . Since the box is open, we subtract lw, which is the top face. So, the surface area of the open box is .

Substituting, we have

**Answer**:

19.) A man walked km for 2.5 hrs, then jogged km for 3.5 hrs, and finally walked again km for 4 hrs. If his average speed for the entire exercise was 4 kph, what is x?

**Solution**

**Answer**: 3/5 or 0.6

20.) Simplify .

**Solution**

We can group the expressions as sum and difference of two cubes.

Now, this is in the form of the difference of two squares .

So,

**Answer**:

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18.5x^2-3x-18 dapat po

18.5x^2-3x-18 dapat po

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Question about number 19, please help, i dont get it, the question is the value of x, since the only constant is the average speed for all the exercises, which is 4kph, can we just simply find the sum of all the distance traveled, divided by 10 and then equate it to 4?

question number 19 is quite complicated.please help.

(29.5x-1.5)/8x=4

29.5x-1.5=32x

2.5x=1.5

This happened because of absolute value. The value of x couldn’t be negative, because we are looking for the distance. So even if 29.5-32=-2.5, we would have to make the coefficient positive, so that x will be positive as well. Also, the reason 8x became the denominator in the first place is because we put the terms with an x variable in the denominator.

Tell me if this comment is confusing, so that I can explain in simpler ways. Thanks!

(P.S. this comment is coming from an MTAP competitor himself.)

I can’t understand the solution on number 19, what do x km, (2x+3)km and (5x-3) represent, are they times, distances or rates?

In #19, didnt it say the average speed? so shouldnt you include dividing by 3 in the solution?